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Max老师:我拿什么拯救你,我的写作语法?

凡是到环球教育上雅思课的同学们,都会在课堂上看到金牌写作老师们淋漓尽致的精彩发挥、运筹帷幄的语法使用。Allen老师的灵活自如、地道正宗;Max老师的层层解析、旁征博引;Rebecca老师的系统全面、专业深入,让人艳羡。语法组合的精妙使用,犹如十大门派华山论剑、各显神通:巧妙招式层出不穷、七十二般武艺轮番上阵、劈斩砍剁密不透风……但是怎么才能让广大考生深受局限的语法句型发挥到最极致呢?

雅思考试对于语法的要求(Grammatical Range and Accuracy)无非如下几个方面:首先,注意使用不同形式的语法句型,确保每种语法的精准使用;在此基础上,注意多种句型的灵活组合,比如时态、语态、倒装、强调、虚拟语气等等;最后,随时注意长短句的搭配使用,而非一味追求句子的长度和复杂度。

对于各位考生的语法提升,Max老师结合多年雅思写作“内功”积累,针对不同层次的学生在三个语法提升阶段所需要注意的问题,提出了三个层次的“妙笔回春”语法提升功法:

第一层:夯实基础语法、巧妙表达简单意思

在基础阶段,很多学生非常苦恼的是:为什么很多语法我都会用,但是就是没办法做到没有错误呢?Max老师给大家总结了以下几个问题,希望大家平时随时自我纠错。

第一:把句子造完整——在雅思口语中,说话双方可借助手势语气上下文等,即使不完整的句子也可以被理解。可是书面语就不同了,在雅思写作中,如果句子结构不完整,就会令意思表达不清,这种情况常常发生在主句写完以后。

例:There are many ways to know the society. For example, by TV, radio, newspaper and so on.

剖析:本句后半部分”for example by TV, radio, newspaper and so on.”不是一个完整的句子,仅为一些不连贯的词语,不能独立成句。

改为:There are many ways to know society, for example, by TV,  radio, and newspaper.

第二:情态动词后的动词原形和动名词的使用——这是很多学生经常会忽略的问题。

e.g. Another equally vital point to be considered is that building them may costs much money and energy.

这种错误可能是笔误,在雅思作文中偶尔出现不至于扣分,但是通篇都是这样的错误,那么肯定是降低打分的。

e.g. Another point to be discussed is that more time spending on computers is harmful to children’s mental health.

 

“花更多时间在电脑上”这个动词短语作为主语应该要用动名词形式:

Another point to be discussed is that spending more time on computers is harmful to children’s mental health.

第三:注意主系表结构的使用

e.g. We are impossible to make any progress without correcting the mistakes.

此句的主干结构是:we are impossible“我们是不可能”,表意不对。这种表达在英语中对应的句型是:It is…for…to…,所以应该改成:

It is impossible for us to make any progress without correcting the mistakes.

第四:注意词性使用

e.g. One possible solution is using the new energy to instead of the traditional energy.

Instead of是介词,而这里构成to do (不定式) ,只能用动词。

可改为:

One possible solution is using the new energy to replace the traditional energy.

e.g. Nowadays, some students study many subjects in university, which leads to that they suffer great mental pressure.

Lead to中to是介词,后面不能直接加句子,因此可在leads to后加一名词,构成同位语从句:

Nowadays,some students study many subjects in university, which leads to the fact that they suffer great mental pressure. 或Nowadays, some students study many subjects in university, which makes them suffer great mental pressure.

第五:从句的误用和滥用

e.g. The reason why I assert it is necessary for government to provide better education and health care for rural areas because it can ensure all citizens to have access to them.

“why…rural areas”在句中作the reason的定语,固定句式“the reason why…is that…”why引导的定语从句和that引导的表语从句连用,气势磅礴,这就是所谓的高分句型。

e.g. In this essay,I will discuss what those, who are two kinds of people in this topic, are how to think and how to choose. 实再迂回婉转,不知所云。

第六:搭配不一致——所谓不一致不光指主谓不一致,它还包括了数的不一致时态不一致及代词不一致等。

例: When one have money, he can do what he want to .

(人一旦有了钱,他就能想干什么就干什么。)

剖析:one是单数第三人称,因而本句的have应改为has; 同理,want应改为wants。本句是典型的主谓不一致。

改为:Once one has money, he can do what he wants (to do).

关于第二层(组合简单句型、尝试难点句)和第三层(优化长短句组合、丰富语法现象),请见Max老师下回与大家分解!欢迎大家长期关注老师的定期更新。

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十一月 4, 2016
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